The Harlem Renaissance
The Harlem Renaissance was a literary, artistic, and intellectual movement that assisted in the formation of a new African American cultural identity. The Harlem Renaissance was the most influential movement in African American literary history. Literature from this movement focused on a realistic portrayal of African American life. popular writers from the Harlem Renaissance include Jean Toomer, Langston Hughes, Rudolph Fisher, Wallace Thurman, Jessie Redman Fauset, Nella Larsen, Arna Bontemps, Countee Cullen, and Zora Neale Hurston. Many of the writings from this time were very popular among whites because the white literary establishment had a new fascination with the writings of the Harlem Renaissance; many writings started getting published. Art during the Harlem Renaissance changed from what artists had previously created. Artists were now developing styles related to African American tradition and folk art. Jazz music became very polar during the Harlem Renaissance with the addition of the piano( instrument of the wealthy) to the traditional brass instrument jazz band. The timing was perfect for a cultural revolution like this in Harlem. The years between World War I and II were boom times for the United States, which created many jobs in cities, causing many African Americans to leave the South for opportunities in the North. This helped to create in Harlem, the largest concentration of African Americans in one place in the world.
The Lost Generation
The Lost Generation was a generation of Americans who came of age during World War I; the term was popularized by American author Ernest Hemingway, who heard it from patron and mentor Gertrude Stein. The Lost Generation is usually used to describe a group of artists and writers who were the brightest and most flowering of American literary genius to create so far and who established themselves as writers during the 1920's. The term "Lost Generation" is also used to describe the group of writers who ejected American post World War I ideals. The group of people earning this title included F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Gertrude Stein, and T.S. Elliot.